Terms

 

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم       

Bismillahir-Rahman-nir-Raheem   

In the Name of Allah The most Gracious The Most Merciful

 

Al-i’tiqaad This is the verbal noun which is derived from the verb i’taqada and has the meaning of al yaqeen ul jaazim (absolute certainty) which is held as belief in the heart. It carries the same meaning as al Imaan – there is no difference in meaning between the two terms. For this reason, Jibreel ‘alaiyhissalaam said to the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ‘Tell me about al eemaan’. And the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) replied: Al iman is that you truly believe in Allaah, and His angels, and His books, and His messengers, and the Day of Judgement, and you truly believe in al qadr (the Divine Predecree), both the good of it and the evil of it.And these are the fundamentals of al i’tiqaad and are called the pillars of al iman.

Bida’ah Linguistically: bid’ah (innovation) means a newly invented matter.
Sharee’ah (Prescribed Law): “A newly invented ways in beliefs or actions in the religion, in imitation of the Sharee’ah (prescribed Law), by which nearness to Allaah is sought, not being supported by any authentic proof, neither in its foundations, nor in the manner in which it is performed.

EemaanIt is the testification of the tongue, belief in the heart, and actions of the limbs. Al-Iman is sayings and action that increases (by good deeds) and decreases (by bad deeds).

‘Ibaadah Everything that Allah loves and is pleased with, from the sayings and the actions, inwardly and outwardly.

And I created jinn and mankind only that they might worship Me. (Surah Adh Dhariyat51:56)

Islam To submit to Allah with Tawheed and to yield to Him with obedience and purity from shirk and Bid’ah (innovation) and their people.

Ihsaan– To worship Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) as if you see Him, although you don’t see him, He indeed sees you.

Truly, Allah is with those who fear Him (keep their duty unto Him), and those who are Muhsinun (good-doers). (Surah An Nahl 16:128)

Sidqul ‘adheemaAbandoning laziness and neglectfulness and exerting one’s effort to make his word conform to his action. O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? (As-Saff 61:2) Most hateful it is with Allâh that you say that which you do not do. (As-Saff 61:3)

Kufr– Linguistically it means covering and concealing something.

KaafirOne who commits kufr. It is to reject the religion and the belief in Allah and to associate others with Him.

And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allâh, any other ilâh (god), of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-Kâfirûn (the disbelievers in Allâh and in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheists, pagans, idolaters) will not be successful.(Surah Al-Mu`minoon 23:117)

Sharee’ah (Prescribed Law)-“Rejecting something for which there is sound proof that there can be no faith without believing in it is kufr, and uttering words for which there is proof that uttering them is kufr is kufr. Doing any action for which there is proof that it is kufr is also kufr.”

Nifaaq– Means to show conformity and agreement and to conceal evil.

Nifaaq is seen when ones actual deeds are different from what he publicizes, what he conceals is different from what he utters, his entrance and presence are not the same as his exit and absence.’

Munkar– Is anything that opposes the Qur’aan and the Sunnah whether it is a statement or an action.

Tawakkul- (Reliance) It means that a person should put their trust in Allah

(سبحانه و تعالى) Alone. It is an obligatory act and one of the tenets of Iman (faith).

…….put your trust in Allâh if you are believers indeed.” (Al-Ma’idah 5:23)

Du’a Literally meaning invocation, and is an act of supplication.

And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Surah Ghafir 40:60)

Khashyah– (Awe) It means fearing Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) with knowledge.

So do not have awe them not, but awe of Me! (Surah Al Baqarah 2:150)

Khawf– Reverential Fear of Allah alone.

It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger, Muhammad Salla-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.(Surah `ali Imran 3:175)

Ar-rajaa`– Hope and longing.

…So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” (Surah Al-Kahf 18:110)

Irjaa`Linguistiqly:  Means delaying or postponing.
They said: “Put him off and his brother (for a while), and send callers to the cities; (Surah Ash-Shu’ara` 26:36). Shari’ah: to take actions out of the concept of Iman. This would be an e.g. of one saying that if you do not pray then you still have perfect Iman.

Kiraman Katibin — They are noble guardian angels over us who are scribes. Allah has appointed them over us to write down all that we do.

Kiraman (Honourable) Katibin writing down (your  deeds). They know all that you do.(Surah Al – Infitaar 11-12)

 

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