With regards to asking where is Allah and if the sahabah made it an issue then I say the reason it was not an issue is because they had understanding and believed in what Allah told them. If Allah tells us that He is above the seven heavens and above His throne then why would the sahabah ask such a question when they were the most obedient and best in understanding? You say would Allah make it a big deal subhanAllah how people can speak in such a way about Allah and on His behalf. There are numerous ahadith and ayat that speak about this very thing so yes Allah wanted us to know about it and it is what divides the truth from falsehood and shirk. Shall we let it go when someone says Allah is everywhere and including in our own nafs (wahdatul wujood)? I guess this is why he loves the likes of israr Ahmad who believed in wahdatul wujood.
Let’s see how big of an issue Allah and His Messenger made it:
He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He rose over (Istawa) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything. (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:29)
Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He rose over (Istawa) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! (Surah Al-A’raaf 7:54)
Surely, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over (Istawa ) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty), disposing the affair of all things. No intercessor (can plead with Him) except after His Leave. That is Allah, your Lord; so worship Him (Alone). Then, will you not remember? (Surah Yunus 10:3)
Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He rose above (Istawa) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round), each running (its course) for a term appointed. He manages and regulates all affairs; He explains the Ayat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord. (Surah Ar-Ra’d 13:2)
The Most Gracious (Allah) rose over (Istawa) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). (Surah Ta-Ha 20:5)
Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six Days. Then He (Istawa ) rose over the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). The Most Gracious (Allah)! Ask Him (O Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم , concerning His Qualities: His rising over His Throne, His creations, etc.), as He is Al-Khabir (The All-Knower of everything i.e. Allah). (Surah Al-Furqan 25:59). This ayah specifically mentions to ask about Him so one knows about Him. This is the tafsir taken from ibn kathir about this ayah:
(Then He rose over (Istawa) the Throne. The Most Gracious! Ask Him, as He is the All-Knower.) meaning, find out about Him from one who knows most about Him, and follow him and take him as your example. It is known that there is no one who knows more about Allah than His servant and Messenger Muhammad , the absolute leader of the sons of Adam in this world and the Hereafter, who does not speak of his own desire, but conveys revelation revealed to him. What he says is true, and he is the leader whose decision counts; when there is a dispute, people are obliged to refer to him, and whatever is in accordance with his words and deeds is right, and whatever goes against them should be rejected no matter who says or does it. Allah says: O you who believe! Obey Allâh and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allâh and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allâh and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (An-Nisa 4:59)
Allah it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He rose over (Istawa ) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper) or an intercessor. Will you not then remember (or receive admonition)? (Surah As-Sajdah 32:4)
Then He rose over (Istawa) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.” They both said: “We come willingly.” (Surah Fussilat 41:11)
He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over (Istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, and what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be. And Allah is the All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Hadeed 57:4)
From Abu hurairah (رضي الله عنه), who said that the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said, “When Allah Created the Creation He wrote in His Book, and it is with Him above the Arsh: Verily My Mercy has preceded My Anger.” (Reported by Bukhari, Book of beginning of creation, hadith 416)
Mu’awiya b. al-Hakam (رضي الله عنه) said: … “I had a Slave girl who tended goats by the side of Uhud and Jawwaniya. One day I happened to pass that way and found that a wolf had carried a goat from her flock. I am after all a man from the children of Adam. I felt sorry as they (human beings) feel sorry. So I slapped her. I came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and felt (this act of mine) as something grievous.” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah, should I not set her free?” He said: “Bring her to me.” So I brought her to him. He said to her: “Where is Allah?” She said: “Above the heavens.” He said: “Who am I?” She said: “You are the Messenger of Allah.” He said: “Free her for verily she is a believing woman.” (Reported by Muslim, The book of prayers, Hadith 1094)
Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه): The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said, “When Allah has ordained some affair in the Heaven, the angels beat with their wings in obedience to His statement, which sounds like a chain dragged over a rock.” (‘Ali and other sub-narrators said, “The sound reaches them.”) “Until when fear is banished from their (angels) hearts, they (angels) say, ‘What was it that your Lord said? They say, ‘The truth; And He is the Most High, the Most Great… (sahih al-bukhari, book of Prophetic Commentary on the Quran, hadith 223)
Why did scholars like Imam Malik kick out the mubtadi’ from his gathering when asked where Allah is? Because this understanding of where Allah is was known to the righteous salaf and their understanding of it was solid. This is how the Imam reacted to the question: Imam Maalik lowered his head and began to sweat profusely then he said, 1) Istawa is not unknown, 2) the kayf is incomprehendable, 3) believing in it is obligatory and 4) asking about is innovation. The reason the sahabah didn’t ask about this is because they had so many Ayat and Ahadith shared to them about this. Would you ask and ask and ask about something you have clear knowledge of?
Why do you think people are leaving the deen? Maybe because ignorance has prevailed in their lives and how do you prevent this? By giving the knowledge. So it’s a non issue when you believe that you should celebrate the prophets birthday although it is nowhere in the Quran and Sunnah? Refuting bidah is a non issue? Forbidding the evil and spreading the good is a non issue? The people who celebrate this day also say that the prophet is present with them in that gathering, this is also a non issue? You lack the fundamental principles of the religion it is no wonder why you find this a non issue because you yourself don’t understand the grave mistakes and sins with these issues.
He says that scholars don’t know the challenges of what the kuffar and mushrikeen say? He claims that the scholars are not in touch with todays issues. In his words he says: “They don’t know what positive and negative atheism are… but the modern issues in theology the challenges in theology now that rattle your faith after you take a anthropology class, after you take an evolutionary biology class, after you take a couple of philosophy courses, modern philosophy courses, post modernism courses, religion and society courses and stuff that starts messing with your head… That’s why we need someone like shiekh Yasir Qadhi… The people of riwaya (narrations) are not necessarily equipped to deal with this stuff”
First thing is why are Muslims taking such courses that “rattle their faith” or “mess with your head? If you and your likes and your students spent your time learning the usool (foundations) of the religion then these things wouldn’t “rattle” you or your faith! Did the Prophet allaihis salat wassalam tell the sahabah to go learn about these matters? First study your religion and learn it properly. You say that you need someone like Yasir Qadhi to know these things. What is the point of him knowing all this? He is supposedly a scholar yet what did his knowledge get him when he signed a pact with the mushrikeen like Hamza Yusuf and Ali Jifri; who says that one can go to the grave and ask the dead to protect their baby! What is the use of someone with knowledge of all these things when he runs to the mushrikeen who claim Islam? Is this why we need more people like Yasir Qadhi?
As for the scholars not knowing how to deal with modern issues. The issue of homosexuality is not new and goes back to the people of (Lut Allaihis salam) so how in the world is this issue something they don’t know about? Do people think that there are no cases of homosexuality in the east?
The scholars have refuted the likes of Ibn Arabi, khomeini and Nouman’s best friend Hamza Yusuf; who try to twist this religion and spread shirk, bidah and ignorance. They deal daily with the likes of those who say the Book of Allah is written, Allah does not have Attributes, that Allah dwells within us and that Ali himself is god. What worked in refuting the new groups of bidah, shirk and kufr 1500 years ago still works for the scholars to this day. Does he deal with these issues? No! he says they are issues to be killed and are not important.
I will counter his words and say do he and his likes know the issues of the Muslims and know how to deal with them? Do they know how to teach ‘Aqeedah, Tawheed, wala` wal bara` and Usool? Do they know how to teach you what to say or believe if your “faith is rattled” when a Muslim or non Muslim brings you an ayah and twists its meaning or a hadith that is daeef and uses it for their desires such as claiming the dead can hear you or that the Prophet is alive? Do they know how to deal with the shia, asha’ira, murji`ah and ahbash? No! According to him “we have this genuinely shared love among ourselves that we share laa illaha illa Allah” Do they even bother teaching the Muslims what laa illaha illa Allah even means? This is why we need more mashayeikh like Shiekh Saleh Al-Fawzan and Abdul Muhsin Al ‘abbad (May Allah Preserve them) and their likes.
The Quran and the Sunnah were the answer 1500 years ago and they are the answer now and will continue to be because Allah sent the message for all times. It is the scholars of riwayah (narrations) that have passed on this message and shared the foundations so they could be applied with any situation. Perhaps those evolution classes he took have rubbed off on him. Maybe he thinks the issues from the past 50 years are different than before or more sophisticated and advanced and our way of dealing with issues is outdated. Does he think that a man’s view on how to deal with a situation (how Yasir Qadhi deals with homosexuals) is better than what has been revealed to us?
‘isa (allaihis salam) is going to be coming back after thousands of years and will know how to deal with all these issues, is he going to be coming back to the west to learn how to live with a homosexual neighbour or worry about what Freud said? Will he be studying anthropology? If you want to refute Freud, read the Quran and Sunnah and learn it from the proper scholars not some western “scholars” who studied in colleges and don’t know the foundations. How can anyone’s religion be strong if his foundation is weak. A house cannot stay standing unless a strong foundation is laid and this is the same in ones religion. The people of kalam (speech) and ahwa` (desires) are definitely NOT equipped to deal with this stuff.
If you watch the videos you will see many ahadeeth and sayings of the salaf with regards to ahl bidah and how to deal with them so I have not included them in the writing.