بسم الله الرحمن الرحي
In the Name of Allah The most Gracious The Most Merciful
Most people believe Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is alive in his grave, he is present (hazir nazir) every where, he knows every thing what is going on in the world, he is made up of light (noor). He can hear us from where he is if we send ‘darood’ on him and also if we ask his ‘wasta’ [by virtue of his closeness to Allah]in praying to God.
The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is the best and most perfect of creation, and the most beloved to Allaah and the most honoured by Him. But this does not mean that his human characteristics are to be denied, or that any of the duties of worship which are due only to Allaah should be directed to him. The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was a human being who suffered from sickness and real death the same as any other human being. Allah said (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, you (O Muhammad) will die, and verily, they (too) will die” [al-Zumar 39:30] “And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (O Muhammad); then if you die, would they live forever?” [al-Anbiyaa’ 21:34]
The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) died and was buried in his grave, hence al-Siddeeq Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “Whoever used to worship Muhammad, Muhammad has died, but whoever used to worship Allaah, Allaah is alive and will never die.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) does not have the ability to be present in numerous places; he is in only one place, which is his grave, and this is according to the consensus of the Muslims. The person who invokes Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and whoever beseeches them for help whether to bring good or ward off harm is committing an act of Al-Shirk-ul-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allah). These acts were common during Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance). Then, Allah sent His Messengers (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to get rid of Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship), save people from it, and guide them to Tawhid (Oneness of Allah, Exalted be He) and to make them offer `Ibadah (worship) and Du`a’ (supplication) to Him Alone. Assistance with issues beyond man’s ordinary capacity should be sought from none but Allah (Exalted be He). Because seeking help is an act of `Ibadah and whoever offers it to anyone other than Him (Exalted be He) is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allah in worship). Allah guides His servants to this and teaches them to say: You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).
Allah also says: And the mosques are for Allâh (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allâh. Allah shows them that He Alone wards off harm or delivers it. He confers blessings and good upon His servants. None can prevent what He grants, nor give what He prevents. None can stop what He decrees and He is Able to do all things. Allah (Exalted be He) says: “And invoke not besides Allâh, any such that will neither profit you nor harm you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).” And if Allâh touches you with harm, there is none who can remove it but He, and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He wills. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. Allah (Exalted be He) says: Such is Allâh, your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmîr (the thin membrane over the date-stone).call upon) them, they hear not your call; and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of everything). Those who say the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was made of noor this statement is not correct, for it opposes both Nusus (legal texts) and reality. Proof, senses, and logic indicate that he was born to a father i.e. `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib and a mother i.e. Aminah bint Wahb and his lineage is well known.
18:110 Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”