بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah The most Gracious The Most Merciful
A Brief Biography of Imam Bukhari
Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad ibn Isma’eel ibn Ibraaheem ibn al-Mugheerah ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhaaree was born in Shawwal in 194 after Hijrah in Bukhara. He travelled the Muslim lands seeking hadeeths. He compiled the books of Hadeeth most notably is his book which is called “Kitaab Jamee` Saheeh”(famous for “Saheeh al-Bukhaaree”). He spoke about his book (“Saheeh al-Bukhaaree”) and said: “I collected the narrations from six hundred thousand hadeeths and I did not narrate in it except that which is authentic”. He died (rahimahullaah) the night of the `Eidul-Fitr (the ‘Eid of Ramadhaan) in the year 256 AH.
A Brief Biography of Imam Muslim.
And as for Imaam Muslim: he is Muslim ibn al-Hajjaaj ibn Muslim al Qushayree an-Naysaabooree. He was born in Naysaaboor in 204 after Hijrah.He also travelled the Muslim lands seeking Hadeeth and he was a student of Imaam al-Bukhaaree and authored books. Most beneficial is his collection of Ahadeeth, the book famous for “Saheeh al-Muslim”. He spoke about it and said “I collected the Saheeh from three hundred thousand hadeeth”. He (rahimahullaah) died on the 24th of Rajaab in the year 261 after Hijrah in Naysaaboor.
A Brief Biography of Imam Abu Dawud
Imam Abu Dawud was Abu-Dawud Sulaiman bin Al-Aash’ath Al-Azdi as-Sijistani. He was born in 202 A.H in Sajistan, a place near Qandhar in Afghanistan. He was one of the most widely travelled of the scholars of ahadith, going to Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Tarsus, Damascus, Khurasahn, Egypt, Basra, Syria, Nishapur, Marv, and other places for the sole purpose of collecting ahadith. His primary interest was in law (fiqh), hence his collection focuses purely on legal ahadith. From about 50,000 ahadith, he chose 4,800 for inclusion in his work based on their superior authenticity.Imam Abu Dawud began the learning of hadith while he was less than 20 years old. He gained a wide reputation in his lifetime. At that time, Basra was deserted due to disturbance of Zanj (in 257 A.H.). The Governor Abu Ahmad visited Imam Abu Dawud in his house in Baghdad and requested that he move to Basra so that the deserted city may be rehabilitated by his presence and gathering of the scholars and students. The scholars are unanimous about his great ability, trustworthiness and accuracy.His most famous text, Sunan Abu Dawud was compiled when he stayed in Tarsus for twenty years. “I do not record more than one or two hadith in every chapter though there were other authentic hadith concerning the same chapter, as it would be too much as I meant one (book) which could be used easily.” He died in 275 AH.
A Brief Biography of Imam Ahmad.
Imaam Ahmed Ibn Muhammad Ibn Hanbal Ibn Hilaal Ibn As’ad Ibn Idrees Ibn Abdullah Ibn Hayyaan Ibn Abdullah Ibn Anas. His kunyah was Abu Abdullah. Imaam Ahmad (R.A) was born in Baghdad in 164 A.H. Imam Ahmads father died soon after he was born and he was raised by his mother.Having acquired basic teachings, at the age of 16, Imaam Ahmad (R.A) commenced the teachings of ahaadith, which was done within a select circle. After having acquired knowledge from the great scholars and Muhadditheen of Baghdad, Imaam Ahmad (R.A) further traveled to Kufa, Basrah, Makkah, Medina, Yemen, Syria etc, and acquired knowledge from their great scholars. On Friday morning on the 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal, he took leave from this world. Imaam Ahmad’s (R.A) fateful death not only caused grief to Muslims, but also to Jews, Christians and Fire-worshippers. Over 600,000 people attended the Janaaza prayer, and for one week Salaate-Janaazah was offered at his grave. Imaam Ahmad (R.A) was 77 years of age when he took leave from this world.
A Brief Biography of Shiekhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah.
Taqi ud-deen Abul-‘Abbaas Ahmad Ibn ‘Abdul-Haleem Ibn ‘Abdus-Salaam Ibn Taymiyyah al-Harraanee al-Hanbalee, was born on Monday the 10th of Rabi’ al-Awwal 66l A.H./22nd of January 1263 C.E. at Harraan (northern Iraq) into a well known family of “mutakallimoon”(theologians). Ibn Taymiyyah was only seven when the Tataars launched their attack on Harraan. Consequently, the populace left Harraan to seek refuge elsewhere. Ibn Taymiyyah’s family proceeded to Damascus in 667 A.H./1268 C.E. which was then ruled by the Mamlooks of Egypt. It was here that his father delivered sermons from the pulpit of the Umayyad Mosque and was invited to teach Hadeeth in the mosque as well as in the Daarul-Hadeeth ‘Assaakuriyyah in Damascus. These discourses were attended by a large number of students as well as by the scholars. Damascus was the center of Islaamic studies at that time, and Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah followed in the footsteps of his father who was a scholar of Islaamic studies by studying with the great scholars of his time, among them a woman scholar by the name Zaynab bint Makkee who taught him hadeeth. He died in jail in Damascus on the night of Sunday-Monday 20th Dhul-Qa’dah 728 A.H./26-27 September 1328 C.E. at the age of 67, and is buried in the cemetery of the Soofiyyah in Damascus.