Hadith 3

The Pillars Of Islaam


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


In the Name of Allah The most Gracious The Most Merciful


On the authority of Aboo `Abd ir-Rahmaan `Abdullaah, the son of `Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) say: Islaam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, establishing the salaah (prayer), paying the zakaah (obligatory charity), making the Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House, and fasting in Ramadaan. (related by al-Bukhaari and Muslim)


My Notes:

This hadith is from the great beneficial ahadith on the foundations of Islam. It begins with the Shahadah which comes from the root word Mushahadha. Shuhood means witnesses. It needs a full admission (Full Iqraar). It is as if you see it and you believe in it completely with yaqeen (certainty). One must have complete belief while saying it with the tongue and have to have the belief in the heart with certainty The shahadah of “La ilala lillallah” is the shahadah which contains both iqraar and itiraaf, You have to admit to everything. Say there is no diety worthy of worship except Allah. There are conditions to this, that are mentioned by the Scholars. The ilah is the one Who is Worshipped. The name Allah cannot be used for other than Allah. The Imam said nobody is worshipped with Haqq but Allah. There are others who are worshipped in baatil or falsehood like stones or idols or trees. No one is worshipped in truth but Allah. Whatever else is worshipped is worshipped in baatil or it is oppression. Linguistically Taaghoot is derived from the verb taghaa (transgressed), and it means everything that has passed and transgressed its limit. In the Shariah meaning,” A ‘taaghoot’ is everything [by which] the ‘abd [slave of Allah] goes beyond the limits [set by the divine legislation], in worship, or in following, or in obedience. Taaghoot means everything that is worshipped besides Allaah, while being pleased with this worship.

And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allah and avoid Taghut.” (Surah An-Nahl 16:36 ). Then, after that comes making one’s Religion sincerely for Allaah alone, worshipping only Him, and affirming His right to that apart from all others. This obligation – which is Disbelieving in the Taaghoot and Believing in Allaah – is the reality of what is meant by Laa Ilaaha IllaaAllaah (There is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah), for indeed it is a negation and an affirmation. Laa Ilaaha (There is no deity that has the right to be worshipped) is a negation of those other than Allaah having the right to be worshipped. This is Disbelieving in the Taaghoot and IllaAllaah (Except Allaah) is an affirmation that Allaah is the only one that has the right to be worshipped.

For any worship to be accepted there are three conditions that it has to fulfil, they are the three I’s: Islam, Ikhlas, Ittibaa’.

The three letter word ilah linguistically means the one who is worshipped. The word Ubudiyyah means it should be submission with love hope and fear in humility. These 3 pillars are included in all worship. Some people believe that worship should be with just fear or hope. The one who makes the tafseer of the shahadah and says that it means that there is no Lord no Khalik no Raziq except Allah is not right in his tafseer. Two things prove to us that this tafseer is wrong, the shahadah also includes: 1) The slavery, that He is worshipped and slavery from the one worshipping Him. If you say La illah means Al-Khaliq, Ar-Raziq and Ar-Rabb it goes against the arabic too no doubt the Messenger spoke arabic so we make the tafseer according to the arabic language. 2) The arabs believed in the Ruboobiyyah of Allah and they admitted to it.  “And if you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth,” they will certainly say: “Allâh.” (Surah Luqman 31:25). They did not believe in the shahadah which is not just tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. The Shahadah consists of three types of Tawheed; Ar -Ruboobiyyah, Uluhiyyah and Asma wa Siffat. The evidence is in surah As-Saffat: Truly, when it was said to them: Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh “(none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh),” they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our âliha (gods) for the sake of a mad poet? (As-Saffat 37:35-36). They thought their gods will get them closer to Allah. Allah said these people say that we don’t worship them except that they will get us closer to Allah.

Some say no one exists except Allah. This statement shows Wahdatul Wujood and that is a kufr belief. The existence of Allah is not like our existence. The wujood (existence) of Allah is wajib whereas the wujood (existence) of our existence is jayiz. We exist only because Allah wants us to exist. The existence of the slave is mumkin (maybe) he might be created or he might not.
Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said: ‘When the delegation of Abd al-Qais came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم), he commanded them to believe in Allah and asked: “Do you know what is Eeman?” They replied: ‘Allah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) knows best.’ He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) then answered: “It includes bearing witness that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah, and that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is the Messenger of Allah, to establish Prayer, pay Zakaat, fast in the month of Ramadaan, and give one-fifth of the war-booty.” [Abu Dawood 3/ 4660 and at-Tirmidhi]

And in the hadeeth occurs the phrase ‘establishment’ of the prayer (iqaam as-salaah), as opposed to ‘performance’ of the prayer. The scholars have mentioned how this indicates that the Prayer must be performed in the most perfect manner, after having completed the wudoo’ in the most perfect manner, and in the Masjid with the jamaa’ah for the men, and so on and so forth. That is, simply performing the motions of the Prayer in the most minimal fashion is not what is desired from us – but rather we should exert ourselves in this affair, bearing in mind that the Prayer is the first matter that will be judged on the Day of Resurrection – if it is accepted then the rest of our actions will be accepted, and if it is rejected then the rest of our actions will also be rejected.
Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “A man’s Salat in congregation is twenty-five times more rewarding than his Salat at home or in his shop, and that is because when he performs his Wudu’ properly and proceeds towards the mosque with the purpose of performing Salat in congregation, he does not take a step without being raised a degree (in rank) for it and having a sin remitted for it, till he enters the mosque. When he is performing Salat, the angels continue to invoke Blessings of Allah on him as long as he is in his place of worship in a state of Wudu’. They say: `O Allah! Have mercy on him! O Allah! Forgive him.’ He is deemed to be engaged in Salat as long as he waits for it.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said in the following hadith: “Suppose there is a river that flows in front of your house and you take a wash five times in it. Then would there remain any dirt and filth on you after that? [Zechariah] said, “My Lord, make for me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three nights, [being] sound.”


From The Sharh (Explanation):

Aboo al-’Abbaas al-Qurtubee (rahimahu Allaahu) has said that this hadeeth means that these five matters are the foundation and basic principles upon which the religion of al-Islaam is built. With these five matters does Islaam make itself apparent. And the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) particularised these five matters and did not mention Jihaad along with them (even though it is through Jihaad that Islaam is made uppermost and the resistance of the Disbelievers is belittled) because these five matters are obligatory at all times upon all Muslims, whereas Jihaad is a Fard Kifaayah which may not be required during certain times. [Note: a Fard Kifaayah is an obligation that is required of the Muslims such that if a group of them fulfill it then the obligation is lifted from the community as a whole]. And in some of the narrations of this hadeeth (such as the one quoted above), mention of the Hajj is made before mention of the Fasting in Ramadaan. However, and Allaah knows best, the correct form is the placing of the Fasting before the Hajj, as is narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that he corrected a narrator who changed the order and said “This is how I have heard it from the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)”. This incident shows us the precision of the Sahaabah and the scholars of Hadeeth after them in preserving the words of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and how can this not be when Allaah ‘azza wa jall has said:”Verily We have sent down the Dhikr and We shall preserve it” and the Dhikr or Wahee sent down to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) includes both the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, as Allaah has said: “Nor does he speak of (his own) desire; It is only an Inspiration that is inspired.”  And it is also narrated from Ibn ‘Umar radiAllaahu ‘anhu that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Islaam is built upon that you worship Allaah (alone) and disbelieve in (the worship of) all that is other than Him, and the establishment of the Prayer, … (till the end of the hadeeth)”

Allah says: “So know that there is nothing worthy of worship except Allah…” (Surah Muhammad 47:19). “So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” (Surah Al-Kahf 18:110). This verse is about ikhlas, so the people who do good deeds and they mean those deeds for others beside Allah, then they are not ikhlas.

Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said in a hadith qudsi: “That Allah says: ‘I am the One Who does not want an ally the most, whoever does good deeds where he is associating others with Me, then I leave him with his association.’” (HR. Muslim)

Mutaba’ah (in accordance with the guidance of the Rasul Allah) Acts of worship, even if exercised with ikhlas but if it is not in accordance with the guidance of Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم), then they will definitely be rejected.

He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Whoever does good deeds that do not have any basis from us, then it is rejected.” (HR. Muslim)

He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) also said: “Stay away from matters that are made up because every made up matter (in ibaadah) is bid’ah, and every bid’ah is misguidance.” (HR. At Tirmidhi)

A few good deeds but upon Sunnah are better than many good deeds in bid’ah. Ibnu Mas’ud RA said: “Follow (the guidance of Rasulullah) and do not make up anything new.”

What does Muhammadur Rasool Allah mean?

1) You believe that whatever he said is the truth.
2) obeying whatever he told us.
3) whatever the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prohibited us from.
4) you dont put the speech of anyone above the Messenger.
5) you dont worship him
6) you dont innovate in his deen.
7) you should know that he is a servant and a Messenger and a human.



That Islaam is indeed built on the five principles of:

1) Witnessing that Allaah is our only deity and Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is His Messenger to show us how to fulfill our existence on this earth as Muslims,
2) Prayer,
3) Zakaah,
4) Fasting and
5) Hajj

So one must strive to fulfill these pillars with the utmost care, concern and priority, and one must do so normally before one gets involved with other aspects of the Deen.

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