Famous Da’eef (weak) Ahadith

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم       


In the Name of Allah The most Gracious The Most Merciful


Narrated Anas: The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.”

O Muslims be careful with what you utter and ascribe to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

The following are Fabricated Hadith and are mentioned here to safeguard the Muslims from quoting them.

Ahmed narrates from Muslamah who narrates from Ya‘qub b. Ibrahim al Asqalani who narrates form Yusaf b. Muhammad al Faryaabi who narrates from Sufyaan b. ‘Uyayna who narrates form Al-Zuhri who narrates from Anas b. Malik that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Seek knowledge even [if you have to go to] China, for seeking knowledge is a duty binding on every Muslim.”

According to the authorities, the narrative is a fabrication. Ibn al Jawzi in his work al-Mawzu‘at, ‘Allamah Dhabi, in his work Tarteeb-al-Mawzu‘at and Allamah Nasir Uddin Albaani in his Silsilah Ahadith Zaheefah commented that the narrative is a fabrication and has no basis in the sources.

“I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate.” It was related by al-Hakim, at-Tabarani and others. It was also related by at-Tirmidhi with the wording, “I am the House of Wisdom, and Ali is its Door.”
Albani declared the Hadith to be Mawdoo (fabricated). Daraqutni labeled the Hadith as mudtarib (shaky), both in isnad and text. Tirmidhi labeled it is ghareeb (weak) and munkar (rejected). Bukhari said that the Hadith has no sahih narration and declared it un-acknowledgeable. Qurtubi said about this Hadith in al-Jame’ li Ahkam al-Quran: “This Hadith is Batil (false)!” Ibn Maeen said that the Hadith is a baseless lie. Dhahabi considered it a forgery and included it in his book on forged Hadiths. Al-Hakim declared that it is weak. Amongst others who dismissed the Hadith are Abu Zur`ah, Abu Hatim, Yahya bin Saeed, etc.

 “Had it not been for you, orbits of celestial bodies would not have been created.” Is this Mawdu‘ (fabricated) or Da‘if (weak) Hadith?
This Hadith was cited by Al-‘Ajluny in his book entitled (Kashf Al-Khafa wa Muzil Al-Ilbas ‘Amma Ishtahar Min Al-Ahadith ‘Ala Alsinat Al-Nas), in which he reported that Al-Saghany said: “This Hadith is a Mawdu‘ (fabricated) Hadith”. He added: “Yet I view that its meaning is sound, even if is not a Hadith”. But, we view that this Hadith is Batil (false) in its wording and meaning, for Allah (Exalted be He) has created all the creatures only to worship Him, as He (Exalted be He) says (what means): And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). In addition, there has been no Hadith from the Prophet (peace be upon him) authenticated which denotes that the creatures, celestial bodies or any others, have been created for the Prophet’s sake. The Hadith was also cited by Muhammad ibn ‘Aly Al-Shawkany in his book entitled (Al-Fawa’id Al-Majmu‘ah fi Al-Ahadith Al-Mawdu‘ah) and he reported that Al-Saghany said: “It is a Mawdu‘ Hadith”. This opinion is supported by Allah’s Statement (which means): It is Allâh Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allâh has power over all things, and that Allâh surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge.

This hadeeth was narrated by Ahmad (12173) from Anas ibn Maalik from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who is reported to have said, “Whoever prays forty prayers in my Mosque, missing no prayer, it will be recorded that he is safe from the Fire, is saved from punishment and is free of hypocrisy.” This is a da’eef (weak) hadeeth.
This was mentioned by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (364), who said: It is da’eef. He also mentioned it in Da’eef al-Targheeb (755) and said, it is munkar (a kind of weak hadeeth).
Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: : With regard to the widespread idea that the visitor should stay for eight days so that he can offer forty prayers in the Mosque is wrong. Although it says in some ahaadeeth “Whoever offers forty prayers therein Allaah will decree that he is safe from the Fire and free from hypocrisy,” this hadeeth is da’eef according to the scholars and cannot be taken as proof or relied upon. There is no set limit for visiting the Prophet’s Mosque. If a person visits for an hour or two, or a day or two, or for more than that, there is nothing wrong with that.

“When Adam committed his sin, he said, ‘O Lord, I ask You by virtue of Muhammad to forgive me.’ Allaah said, ‘O Adam, how do you know of Muhammad when I have not yet created him?’ He said, ‘O Lord, when You created me with Your own hand, and breathed into me the soul that You created, I raised my head and saw written on the pillars of the Throne, Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Muhammad Rasool Allaah [There is no god but Allaah, Muhammadi s the messenger of Allaah]. Then I knew that You would not mention in conjunction with Your name any but the most beloved of Your creation to You.’ Allaah said, ‘You have spoken the truth, O Adam. He is indeed the most beloved of My creation to Me. Pray to me by virtue of Him, for I have forgiven you. Were it not for Muhammad, I would not have created you.’”.
This hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated). It was narrated by al-Haakim via ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Muslim al-Fahri (who said), Ismaa’eel ibn Muslimah narrated to us, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam told us, from his father, from his grandfather, from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him), that he said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “When Adam committed his sin…” Then he quoted the hadeeth as the questioner quoted it.
Al-Haakim said: The isnaad of this hadeeth is saheeh. This is what al-Haakim said! But a number of scholars rebuked him and denounced him for classing this hadeeth as saheeh. They ruled that this hadeeth is false and fabricated, and they pointed out that al-Haakim contradicted himself when commenting on this hadeeth.
Al-Albaani said in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah, 25: (it is) mawdoo’.
Al-Haakim himself (may Allaah forgive him) accused ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd of being a fabricator of hadeeth, so how could his hadeeth be saheeh? Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in al-Qaa’idah al-Jaleelah fi’l-Tawassul wa’l-Waseelah (p. 69):
Al-Haakim’s narration of this hadeeth is something for which he was denounced, and he himself said in his book al-Madkhil ila Ma’rifat al-Saheeh ‘an al-Saqeem:  ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam narrated fabricated ahaadeeth from his father, and it is obvious to any competent hadeeth scholar that he is the one to blame for fabricating ahaadeeth. I say: ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is da’eef (weak) because he made a lot of mistakes.
What makes it most likely that the text is false is the fact that the du’aa’ by which Allaah accepted Adam’s repentance is what is mentioned in Soorat al-A’raaf, where Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “They said: ‘Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers’”[al-A’raaf 7:23]
This is the supplication of Adam and Hawwa’, in which they called upon Allaah alone, and sought to draw close to Him (tawassul) by His names and attributes, and by mentioning their situation. These are words which Adam received from his Lord, then he said them and Allaah accepted his repentance, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Then Adam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful”[al-Baqarah 2:3]

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